Towing heavy cargo long distances is not a simple task. Between poor weather conditions, road hazards, and other drivers, there is a lot to look out for on the road. External hazards aside, there are still plenty of things that you need to check to ensure safe delivery. The capacity of both your truck, trailer, and hitch all need to be taken into consideration when planning a heavy haul. Here are a few tips and tricks that can help ensure safe towing.
Tow Within Capacity
To make sure that you are towing within capacity, there are a few numbers that you need to know:
- The GVWR (gross vehicle weight rating) is the maximum weight that your truck can be when fully loaded.
- The GCWR (gross combined weight rating) is the maximum amount that both you and your trailer can weigh.
- The payload capacity is the maximum cargo weight
- The curb weight is how much your rig weighs when it’s empty.
To calculate your maximum towing capacity, follow this formula:
GCWR: (Curb Weight +Payload) = Max Towing Capacity
Here’s an example; Pretend your truck has a GCWR of 16,000 lbs. The curb weight is 5,000lbs and you just loaded a 4,000lbs payload. Your towing capacity would be no more than 7,000 lbs.
Pack Your Trailer Properly
When it comes to heavy-duty towing, weight distribution makes a big difference when you are driving the vehicle. Over 60% of the weight of the payload should be in the front half of the trailer. Make sure the weight is even over both the left and right sides as well. Once the payload is evenly balanced, secure the cargo to avoid shifting down the road.
Prepare For The Road
Before you hit the road, make sure that your tires are inflated on both your rig and your trailer. Low tires can reduce handling and mileage. Not only do flat tires make the engine work harder, but they can also lead to a blowout. Refer to the tire pressure label to ensure that your wheels are inflated correctly. Check your lights as well. Tail lights and blinkers are essential in making other traffic aware of your presence, and a malfunction can lead to a pricy accident. Brakes are another part of the rig that needs to be checked regularly. Trailer brakes may be necessary as well depending on the payload, so be sure to check regulations before rolling out.
Get Help With Towing and Truck Repair
At Massey Towing and Truck Service, we can handle all of your heavy-duty towing, transport, and repair needs in the same place. Our experienced roadside technicians are on call 24/7 so that you can get back on the road as soon as possible. Click here to learn more if you may need a tow truck service in Dallas.